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Top 10 Causes of Global Warming

Before knowing about the causes of Global Warming, one should know what is Global Warming followed by some Global Warming facts and FAQs.

So, what is Global Warming?

Global Warming is the increase of Earth’s average surface temperature due to effect of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels or from deforestation, which trap heat that would otherwise escape from Earth.

Now when we know what Global Warming is, we can dive into the depths of its causes and effects.

Cause 1:

Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel burning power plants

Due to our ever increasing demand for electricity from coal burning power plants, it releases enormous amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. About 40% of CO2 emissions come from electricity production, and burning coal accounts for 93% of emissions from the electric utility industry. Every day, more electric gadgets flood the market, and without widespread alternative energy sources, we are highly dependent on burning coal for our personal and commercial electrical supply.

carbon dioxide is the cause Global Warming for

 Cause 2:

Carbon dioxide emissions from burning gasoline for transportation

Our modern habit of driving cars and appetite for globally sourced goods is responsible for about 33% of emissions. With our population growing at an alarming rate, the demand for more cars and consumer goods means that we are increasing the use of fossil fuels for transportation and manufacturing. Our consumption is outpacing our discoveries of ways to mitigate the effects, with no end in sight to our massive consumer culture.

gasoline Global Warming

 Cause 3:

Methane emissions from animals, agriculture such as rice paddies, and from Arctic sea beds

Methane is another extremely potent greenhouse gas, ranking right behind CO2. When organic matter is broken down by bacteria under oxygen-starved conditions (anaerobic decomposition) as in rice paddies, methane is produced. The process also takes place in the intestines of herbivorous animals, and with the increase in the amount of concentrated livestock production, the levels of methane released into the atmosphere is increasing. Another source of methane is methane clathrate, a compound containing large amounts of methane trapped in the crystal structure of ice. As methane escapes from the Arctic seabed, the rate of global warming will increase significantly.

Methane emissions from animals

Cause 4:

Deforestation, especially tropical forests for wood, pulp, and farmland

The use of forests for fuel (both wood and for charcoal) is one cause of deforestation, but in the first world, our appetite for wood and paper products, our consumption of livestock grazed on former forest land, and the use of tropical forest lands for commodities like palm oil plantations contributes to the mass deforestation of our world. Forests remove and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and this deforestation releases large amounts of carbon, as well as reducing the amount of carbon capture on the planet.

deforestration

Cause 5:

Increase in usage of chemical fertilizers on croplands

In the last half of the 20th century, the use of chemical fertilizers (as opposed to the historical use of animal manure) has risen dramatically. The high rate of application of nitrogen-rich fertilizers has effects on the heat storage of cropland (nitrogen oxides have 300 times more heat-trapping capacity per unit of volume than carbon dioxide) and the run-off of excess fertilizers creates ‘dead-zones’ in our oceans. In addition to these effects, high nitrate levels in groundwater due to over-fertilization are cause for concern for human health.

Now when we have gone through the causes of this worldwide phenomenon, lets have a look at the effects of Global Warming:

 Increase in usage of chemical fertilizers

Cause 6:

Rise in sea levels worldwide

Scientists predict an increase in sea levels worldwide due to the melting of two massive ice sheets in Antarctica and Greenland. However, many nations around the world will experience the effects of rising sea levels, which could displace millions of people.

Rise in sea level

Cause 7:

More killer storms

 Scientists have come up with the firmest evidence so far that global warming will significantly increase the intensity of the most extreme storms worldwide. The maximum wind speeds of the strongest tropical cyclones have increased significantly since 1981, according to research published in Nature this week. And the upward trend, thought to be driven by rising ocean temperatures, is unlikely to stop at any time soon.

Killer stroms

Cause 8:

Massive crop failures

According to recent research, there is a 90% chance that 3 billion people worldwide will have to choose between moving their families to milder climes and going hungry due to climate change within 100 years. One of the main causes of this will be the spread of desertification, and its accompanying effects.

Now we have to analyze something. These above mentioned effects brings forward a massive change in climate-worldwide climate change will occur.

Massive crop failures

Cause 9:

Climate Change

Climate change is expected to have the most severe impact on water supplies. Shortages in future are likely to threaten food production, reduce sanitation, hinder economic development and damage ecosystems. It causes more violent swings between floods and droughts. Global warming causes 300,000 deaths a year.

climatic change

Cause 10:

Widespread extinction of species

According to research published in Nature, by 2050, rising temperatures could lead to the extinction of more than a million species. And because we can’t exist without a diverse population of species on Earth, this is scary news for humans.

extinction

This 6th mass extinction is really just a continuation of the holocene extinction which began at the end of the last ice age and has resulted in the extinction of nearly all of the Earth’s megafauna animals, largely as a result of human-expansion.

“Climate change now represents at least as great a threat to the number of species surviving on Earth as habitat-destruction and modification.” Chris Thomas, conservation biologist at the University of Leeds

6th

Widespread species loss and lists of endangered species just keep growing. This is a concerning matter on many fronts.

Now we have witnessed the cause of global warming and its effects and consequences. But what is the cure?

How to stop Global Warming?

  • Power your home with renewable energy.

·         Invest in energy-efficient appliances

·         Actually eat the food you buy—and make less of it meat

·         Buy better bulbs

·         Drive a fuel-efficient vehicle

·         Shrink your carbon profile

Conclusion :

Well the list of causes of Global Warming can be endless but these above mentioned points are the very few minimalist things that can be done by everyone to put an end to this menace and save our Earth.

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